Sambo is relatively modern sport and its development began in the early 1920s when the Soviet Red Army needed to improve their hand to hand combat skills. Sambo is an integration of the most effective techniques of other martial arts. Sambo has roots in Judo in addition to traditional folk styles of wrestling such as: Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Moldavian Trîntǎ, Tatar Köräş, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh.
Two men are credited as being the the pioneers of Sambo - Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov. Oshchepkov spent much of his life living in Japan and training Judo under its founder Kano Jigoro. Oschepkov was one of the first foreigners to learn Judo in Japan and had earned his second degree black belt from Kano. Spiridonov's background involved indigenous martial arts from various Soviet regions as well as an interest in Japanese JuJitsu. His reliance on movement over strength was in part based on the fact that he received a severe injury to his arm in the first World War. The two men independently developed two different styles, which eventually integrated and became modern Sambo. Oshchepkov's style was very much based in judo, then called "Freestyle Wrestling," and Spiridonov's style was softer and less strength dependent and in some aspects similar to modern day aikido.
Well that's enough of a history lesson for today. We want to present to you a vintage clip of Sambo at its finest. Check out some Russian chicks kick some ass and some old school outdoor training.